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History of the Abbasids

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The second Islamic dynasty to rule lasted from 132 to 656 A.H (750- 1258). For over five centuries the Islamic world turned to Iraq with some degree of reverence, as it was there the Caliph lived, even if he did not rule. The Umayyads made the conquests but it was under the Abbasids that Islam spread and under them the most remembered scholars lived. The legacy they left gave every Muslim ruler after them a standard to live up to and every Muslim a golden era to dream of.